The Top 5 Causes of Electrical Fires and How to Put Them Out
Knowing the potential causes of electrical fires will help understand how they can be avoided.
An electrical fire can be devastating. You must know the warning signs of an electrical fire, as well as what to do if one happens in your home or business. Electrical fires occur when there is a problem with the electricity flow, which causes heat and sparks that set materials on fire. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) states that it's "estimated about 13% of all home fires are caused by faulty wiring and (39%) of all electrical failure or malfunction occurred in the cold weather months from November through February."
This blog post aims to help homeowners throughout greater Atlanta prevent electrical fire damage from occurring. When fire damage does occur, you can count on the first responders at SERVPRO for high-quality fire restoration services.
How do electrical fires start?
Electrical fires can start for several different reasons but the most commonly caused by faulty electrical outlets and outdated appliances. Below is a list of the five most common electrical fires that the professionals at SERVPRO of North Fulton have had to mitigate.
5 Common Causes of Electrical Fires
- Outdated electrical wiring
- Electrical circuit overloads
- Old appliances
- Light fixtures
- Improper wiring
Electrical fires from outdated electrical wiring
As we mentioned earlier, outdated electrical wiring often causes electrical fires. Newer appliances are made for homes with new circuit breakers. When a newer appliance causes an overload, it will trigger a circuit breaker box and shut down the overloaded circuit.
The opposite occurs for wiring in older homes. Electrical circuits in older homes are designed to handle the amount of electricity needed for today's appliances. Outdated circuit breakers will likely have worn faulty connectors that will cause an electrical system to overload and start a fire.
Electrical fires from electrical circuit overloads
An electrical circuit overload will occur when there is more electricity inputted than a circuit can handle. A circuit breaker will trip and shut down all power to the specific circuit in most newer homes when a circuit receives too much electricity. An electrical fire occurs when the breaker is not triggered, causing the wires to overheat.
Electrical fires from old appliances
Old appliances like a record player from the '70s can start an electrical fire by not having a properly insulated cord. Electrical fires can also form when the old appliance's power supply malfunctions and feeds electricity in an uncontrolled fashion.
Electrical fires from light fixtures
Light bulbs are used in nearly every room of a home. To avoid an electrical fire, you must use light bulbs that are designed for your light fixtures. Electrical fires caused by light fixtures will occur when a bulb with a wattage that is too high is installed. The wrong wattage will cause brittle wiring in a light bulb leading to a bulb catching fire.
Inside a light fixture, the heat from a light bulb will not dissipate as well, causing a greater risk of fire. When a bulb overheats, it will damage a fixture, melt the socket inside it, and likely start a fire.
Electrical fires from improper wiring
Electrical fires caused by improper wiring can be difficult for homeowners to detect because there is no flame or smoke associated with this type of electrical fire. A homeowner should get an electrician out when their breaker is constantly tripping.
How to put out an electrical fire?
When your home has an electrical fire from one of the above common causes, you must first prioritize your safety, especially when an electrical fire is rapidly growing.
When the source of the electrical fire is coming from an appliance, you should immediately unplug it. Removing electricity will reduce the spread of flames. After the source of the electrical fire is disconnected, you'll need to disconnect the electricity in your home. Your home electrical panel has the power to turn off all power supply with a single switch. Once all electricity is turned off, the source of the electrical fire will be removed entirely.
Final thoughts and who to call for electrical fire restoration
We hope you enjoyed learning about the common causes of electrical fires. You need to call 911 if you are in the middle of an electrical fire. Call a certified electrician ASAP if you think your home has an electrical issue.
When an electrical fire occurs, you will want to call a reputable company with a known track record of putting customers first. The IICRC certified professionals at SERVPRO of North Fulton are available 24/7 for any questions or concerns regarding electric fire damage.